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Теоретическая грамматика


Описание раздела  "Теоретическая грамматика"

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Список статей в разделе "Теоретическая грамматика"

21

The category of mood of the verb

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

The category of MOOD is the most controversial category of the verb. The category of MOOD expresses the character of connection between the process denoted by the verb and the actual reality, either presenting the process as a fact...

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22

Grammatical meaning, form, categories.

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

There are 3 fundamental notions: grammatical form, grammatical meaning, and grammatical category. Notional words possess some morphemic features expressing grammatical meanings. They determine the grammatical form of the word. Grammatical...

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23

Distributional analysis in studying morphemes.

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

In accord with the allo-emic theory lingual units may be described by means of 2 types of term allo-terms & eme-terms. Eme-terms denotes the generalized invariant: phonemes, morphemes. Allo-terms are concrete manifestations of variants: allo-forms, allomorphes....

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24

Notion of the morpheme.

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

Morpheme – is one of the central notions of grammatical theory, without which no serious attempt at grammatical study can be made. Morpheme is the smallest meaningful unit of the language. There are may be zero morphemes that is the absence...

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25

Word order in English.

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

English language is characterized by a rigid word order in accordance with which the subject of declarative sentences, as a rule, precedes the predicate. This is the so-called DIRECT word order, e.g. The assistant greeted the professor. Any...

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26

Planes of language. Polysemy, homonymy, synonymy.

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

For better understanding the nature of grammar it is important to discriminate the 2 planes of language: the plane of content and the plane of expression. The plane of content comprises the purely semantic elements contained in language....

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27

The verbals. The infinitive.

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

As the verbals (infinitive, gerund, and participle) make up a part of the English verb system, they have some features in common with the finite forms, and in so far as they are singled out of the forms of the verb, they must have some peculiarities of their own....

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28

Hierarchical structure of Language

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

Units of Language are divided into segmental and supra-segmental. Segmental units consist of phonemes, which forms (syllables,morphemes,words) Supra-segmental units do not exist by themselves,...

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29

The principal parts of the sentence. Types of predicate.

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

The subject and the predicate constitute the backbone of the sentence: without them the sentence would not exist at all, whereas all other parts may or may not be there, and if they are there, they serve to define or modify either the subject or the predicate, or each...

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30

The 2 branches of Grammar, their interconnection.

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

To start with answering the Q what is grammar, we should first of all give a definition of lang. There are 2 understanding of lang-broad and narrow one. Under the term L in general we understand a means of forming and storing ideas as a reflection of reality. The narrow...

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31

Phrase. Classification of phrases

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

Classification of phrases according to their distribution:  Paratactic phrases(free relations between elements)...

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32

Phrase. What is a phrase?

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

What is a phrase? e.g. red-haired, blue-eyed, long-legged - {red}+{hair}+{ed}, red hair +{ed}?, ٭haired Formal grammars treat all the sentences as having a simple linear structure (a string of constituents,...

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33

Compound Sentence

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

Types of connection Semantic relations Types of connection...

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34

Complex Sentence

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

There is much more to be said about the complex sentences than about the compound. The semantic relations which can be expressed by subordination are much more numerous and more varied than with co-ordination, e.g. time, place, concession, purpose,...

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35

Composite Sentence

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

N1V1 + N2V2 (+N3V3 +…+NnVn) e.g. When we had said good-bye, and I made my way up the street, I was thinking that he didn’t find his personality easy to handle. This sentence includes 4 clauses...

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36

Sentence. Defenition. Classification of sentences.

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

Definitions: Logical: A sentence is a proposition expressed by words (something true). A proposition is the semantic invariant of all the members of modal and communicative paradigms of sentences and their transforms. But besides sentences which contain propositions...

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37

Grammatical Semantics of Participle II

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

It is closely associated with the verb (it has got the verbal stem; it is a component of 2 analytical verbal forms). It can be modified by an adverb (beautifully written). In certain lexical contexts it opposes Participle...

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38

The Verb. The Category of Tense.

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

Time and tense (He likes to read. He will read for hours. – He will read at 5 o’clock.) 3 basic categories of the verb: aspect, correlation and voice. They are constituted by 2 forms of the verb – analytical and non-analytical. The...

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39

The Verb. The Category of Voice.

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

The verbal category of voice shows the direction of the process as regards the participants of the situation reflected in the syntactic construction. Wrote – was written Meaning – direction of the...

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40

The Verb. Classification of verbs.

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

The Verb. A notional part of speech (meaning – process, action, a quality of an object that develops in time e.g. to walk/a dynamic verb, a verb of movement – to consist/ a static action, relevant for some time period); The function of the predicate...

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