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Теоретическая грамматика

Описание раздела  "Теоретическая грамматика"


Билеты ( и ответы ) к экзамену по теоретической грамматике английского языка.

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Список статей в разделе "Теоретическая грамматика"



Добавлено: 27.01.2005 пользователем Ranez.Ru

Attributes We pointed out above (seep. 247) that the position of the attribute as a part of the sentence is not certain. In this section we assume that it is a part of the sentence, and treat it accordingly. The position of an attribute before or after its...

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Добавлено: 27.01.2005 пользователем Ranez.Ru

The Object The term "inversion" has sometimes been used to denote an unusual position of a secondary part of the sentence, that is, of an object or an adverbial modifier. That, however, is undesirable, since it might lead to misunderstandings and seriously hamper the study of...

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Добавлено: 27.01.2005 пользователем Ranez.Ru

SOME GENERAL POINTS The term ''word order” is a singularly unhappy one, as it is based on a confusion of two distinct levels of language structure: the level of phrases and that of the sentence. To approach this problem from a viewpoint doing justice to modern linguistic theory,...

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Loose Appositions. Loose Parentheses

Добавлено: 20.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

Loose Appositions As we pointed out above (p. 244), the term "loose" was first used in English grammatical theory with reference to appositions. It would seem that in this field the difference between loose and ordinary parts of the sentence was especially obvious to the authors...

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The composite sentence. Compound sentence.

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

The 2 main types of connection of clauses in a composite sentence are subordination and coordination. By coordination clauses are arranged as units of syntactically equal rank, i.e. equipotently. The leading clause and a sequential clause (He came and we had coffee. We...

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Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

Е.Крейзинг, В.Я.Плоткин, Л.С.Бархударов look upon the Gerund and the PI as one form. А.И.Смирницкий, Б.Стрэнг differetiate between the 2 forms. Blokh: The GERUND is the non-finite form of the verb which...

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The category of aspect of the verb.

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

The aspective meaning of the verb reflects the realization of the process irrespective of it’s timing 2 systems of verbal forms should be evaluated the Continuous & Perfect forms. Blokh distinguished 2 oppositions: constitued...

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Participle II

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

Blokh: The PARTICIPLE II is the non-finite form of the verb, which combines the properties of the verb with those of the adjective, serving as the qualifying - processual name. The PII is a single form, having no paradigm of its own...

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The verb as a part of speech. Classification of verbs.

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

Verb is a part of speech with grammatical meaning of process, action. Verb performs the central role of the predicative function of the sentence. Verb is a very complex part of speech and first of all because of it’s various subclass...

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The secondary parts of the sentence

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

The Object The Object is a secondary part of the sentence expressed by a verb, a noun, a substantival pronoun, an adjective, a numeral, or an adverb, and denoting a thing to which the action passes on, which is a result of...

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The adjective. Degrees of comparison...

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

Adjective is a part of speech characterized by the following typical features: The lexico-grammatical meaning of “attributes (of substantives)”. By attributes we mean different properties of substantives, such as their size, colour, position in space, material,...

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Actual division of the sentence

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

It is well known fact that the notional parts of the sentence form together the nominative meaning of the sentence. The division of the sentence into notional parts can be called the nominative division a long side of nominative division. The idea of the actual division...

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Notion of the sentence. Classification of sentence.

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

Notion of the sentence. A sentence is a proposition expressed by words (something true). A proposition is the semantic invariant of all the members of modal and communicative paradigms of sentences and their transforms. But besides sentences which contain propositions...

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The article.

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

Article is a determining unit of a specific nature accompanying the noun in communicative collocation. A(n)/the form a separate group or class characterized by: the lexico-grammatical meaning of definiteness/indefiniteness;...

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The problem of the category of case of the noun.

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

Ilyish: Case is the category of a noun expressing relations between the thing denoted by the noun and other things, or properties, or actions, and manifested by some formal sign in the noun itself (e.g. inflection, zero-morpheme)....

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Complicated sentences

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

Iliysh: sentences with homogeneous partsHomogeneous parts are parts of the same category standing in the same relation to other parts of the sentence а “contracted” sentences, e.g. I met my relatives and friends....

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The category of number of the noun

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

A noun is said to be in the singular number when it denotes one person or thing; it is said to be in the plural number when it denotes more than one person or thing. ME distinguish between 2 numbers singular & plural....

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The phrase, it’s definition. Russian and foreign linguistics

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

There are 2 understandings of the term phrase: A phrase is a combination of 2 or more notional words connected by means of subordination: e.g. cold weather, writing letters, fruit salad, Peter’s book. The elements...

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The noun as a part of speech. The category of of gender.

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

The Noun is a word expressing substance in the widest sense of the word. Noun has a categorical meaning of thingness, because noun effects nomination of the fullest value. N-central nominative lexemic unit of L. It functions are determined...

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The field theory approach to parts-of-speech classification

Добавлено: 13.12.2004 пользователем Ranez.Ru

All the words in the vocabulary stock of the language should be organized traditionally. They’re organized into 8 parts of speech. This classification dates back to the ancient times: nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, verbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections....

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