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Хронология добавлений

121

Middle English dialects. The London dialect
The dialect division which evolved in Early ME was on the whole preserved in later periods. In the 14th and 15th c. we find the same grouping of local dialects: the Southern group, including Kentish a...
Раздел:  История языка

14.03.2008

Прочтений в этом месяце: : 94

122

Changes in the alphabet and spelling in Middle English. Middle English written records
The most conspicuous feature of Late ME texts in comparison with OE texts is the difference in spelling. The written forms of the words in Late ME texts resemble their modern forms, though the pronunc...
Раздел:  История языка

14.03.2008

Прочтений в этом месяце: : 96

123

The Scandinavian invasions, the Norman Conquest & the way they influenced English
Scandinavian invasions Since the 8th c. the British Isles were ravaged by sea rovers from Scandinavia, first by Danes, later – by Norwegians. By the end of the 9th c. the Danes had succeeded in obtai...
Раздел:  История языка

14.03.2008

Прочтений в этом месяце: : 141

124

Economic and social conditions in the 11-12th centuries.
The OE period in the history of the language corresponds to the transitional stage from the slave-owning and tribal system to the feudal system in the history of Britain. In the 11th c. feudalism was ...
Раздел:  История языка

14.03.2008

Прочтений в этом месяце: : 43

125

The verbal system in Old English (morphological classification)
The majority of OE verbs fell into two great divisions: the strong verbs and the weak verbs. Besides these two main groups there were a few verbs which could be put together as “minor” groups. The mai...
Раздел:  История языка

14.03.2008

Прочтений в этом месяце: : 110

126

The verbal system in Old English (grammatical categories)
Grammatical categories of the Finite Verb The verb-predicate agreed with the subject of the sentence in two grammatical categories: number and person. Its specifically verbal categories were mood and...
Раздел:  История языка

14.03.2008

Прочтений в этом месяце: : 108

127

Old English syntax
The syntactic structure of OE was determined by two major conditions: the nature of OE morphology and the relations between the spoken and the written forms of the language. OE was largely a synthetic...
Раздел:  История языка

14.03.2008

Прочтений в этом месяце: : 113

128

The nominal system of Old English
The Noun Grammatical categories. The use of cases The OE noun had two grammatical categories: number and case. Also, nouns distinguished three genders, but gender was not a grammatical category; it ...
Раздел:  История языка

14.03.2008

Прочтений в этом месяце: : 153

129

Old English dialects
The language spoken by the Anglo-Saxons at the time of their migration to Britain was probably more or less uniform. Over time, however, Old English developed into four major dialects: Northumbrian, s...
Раздел:  История языка

14.03.2008

Прочтений в этом месяце: : 43

130

Phonetic processes in Old English (the system of consonants)
Treatment of fricatives. Hardening. Rhotacism. Voicing and Devoicing. After the changes under Grimm’s Law and Verner’s Law had PG had the following two sets of fricative consonants: voiceless [f, &#...
Раздел:  История языка

14.03.2008

Прочтений в этом месяце: : 84

131

Phonetic processes in Old English (the system of vowels)
Changes of stressed vowels in Early Old English The development of vowels in Early OE consisted of the modification of separate vowels, and also of the modification of entire sets of vowels. The chan...
Раздел:  История языка

14.03.2008

Прочтений в этом месяце: : 168

132

The historical background of Old English
Pre-Germanic Britain The history of the English language begins with the invasion of the British Isles by Germanic tribes in the 5th c. of our era. Prior to the Germanic invasion the British Isles mu...
Раздел:  История языка

14.03.2008

Прочтений в этом месяце: : 168

133

Periodisation in the history of the English language, Old English written records
Periodisation The historical development of a language is a continuous uninterrupted process without sudden breaks or rapid transformations. The commonly accepted, traditional Periodisation divides E...
Раздел:  История языка

11.03.2008

Прочтений в этом месяце: : 165

134

Grammar characteristics common to the Germanic languages
Form-building means Like other old IE languages both PG and the OG languages had a synthetic grammatical structure, which means that the relationships between the parts of the sentence were shown by ...
Раздел:  История языка

11.03.2008

Прочтений в этом месяце: : 70

135

Changes in the system of vowels in the Germanic languages
Distinctive characteristics shared by the Germanic languages can be found in the system of vowels. In all IE languages there is a system of vowel change which is known as ablaut. The term is introduce...
Раздел:  История языка

11.03.2008

Прочтений в этом месяце: : 59

136

Common phonetic characteristics of the Germanic languages
All the Germanic languages of the past and present have common linguistic features; some of these features are shared by other groups in the IE family, others are specifically Germanic. Word Stress ...
Раздел:  История языка

11.03.2008

Прочтений в этом месяце: : 79

137

The runic alphabet. Old English alphabet and pronunciation.
The runic alphabet The runic alphabet is a specifically Germanic alphabet, not to be found in languages of other groups. The word rune originally meant ’secret’, ‘mystery’ and hence came to denote in...
Раздел:  История языка

11.03.2008

Прочтений в этом месяце: : 156

138

Eastern Germanic, Western Germanic and Northern Germanic groups of languages
East Germanic The East Germanic subgroup was formed by the tribes who returned from Scandinavia at the beginning of our era. The most numerous and powerful of them were the Goths. They were among the...
Раздел:  История языка

11.03.2008

Прочтений в этом месяце: : 117

139

The earliest descriptions of the Germans, the ancient tribes that spoke Germanic languages
The history is known from the writings of Greek and Roman authors. The earliest paper is written by Pytheas. He lived in the second half of the 4th century B.C. Pytheas sailed much. The description of...
Раздел:  История языка

11.03.2008

Прочтений в этом месяце: : 110

140

Modern Germanic languages
Genetically, English belongs to the Germanic or Teutonic group of languages, which is one of the twelve groups of the I-E linguistic family. The Germanic languages in the modern world are as follows: ...
Раздел:  История языка

11.03.2008

Прочтений в этом месяце: : 81

 

 

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